The ruins of one of the greatest fortified churches in Transylvania are located at 43 kilometers (27 miles) from Sibiu city, on the way to Braşov.
The old cistercian Abbey from Carta attracts thousands of tourists annually, both Romanian and foreigners due to its architecture and history, but also due to the legend that the church would be haunted by the old monks that used to live there.
The monastery was founded by cistercian monks in 1205-1206 and was built in the shape of a cross. Today, the villagers of Carta use this former Abbey as an evangelical church.
The legend says that cistercian monks fasted all year and sometimes ate cheese and boiled beech leaves. They all slept in one room on hay. They would wake up at three o’clock in the morning and by the evening they would have service every three hours.
Because of the poor life conditions, the monks died at the age of 35-40 years and were buried at the Abbey. We can now see their graves in the yard of the monastery.
Some people say that the place is haunted and that in the cellar the chairs are sometimes moving and the walls are vibrating. It is said that even the priests that served there witnessed that phenomenon.
The Order of Cistercians – Latin: Order Cisterciensis or, alternatively, OCSO for the Trappists (Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance)) is a Roman Catholic religious order of enclosed monks and nuns. They are sometimes also called the Bernardines or the White Monks, in reference to the colour of the habit, over which a black scapular is worn. The emphasis of Cistercian life is on manual labour and self-sufficiency, and many abbeys traditionally supported themselves through activities such as agriculture and brewing ales.
The term Cistercian (French Cistercien), derives from Cistercium, the Latin name for the village of Cîteaux, near Dijon in eastern France. It was in this village that a group of Benedictine monks from the monastery of Molesme founded Cîteaux Abbey in 1098, with the goal of following more closely the Rule of Saint Benedict. The best known of them were Robert of Molesme, Alberic of Cîteaux and the English monk Stephen Harding, who were the first three abbots. Bernard of Clairvaux entered the monastery in the early 1110s with 30 companions and helped the rapid proliferation of the order. By the end of the 12th century, the order had spread throughout France and into England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Eastern Europe.
The keynote of Cistercian life was a return to literal observance of the Rule of St Benedict. Rejecting the developments the Benedictines had undergone, the monks tried to replicate monastic life exactly as it had been in Saint Benedict’s time; indeed in various points they went beyond it in austerity. The most striking feature in the reform was the return to manual labour, especially field-work, a special characteristic of Cistercian life. Cistercian architecture is considered one of the most beautiful styles of medieval architecture. Additionally, in relation to fields such as agriculture, hydraulic engineering and metallurgy, the Cistercians became the main force of technological diffusion in medieval Europe. The Cistercians were adversely affected in England by the Protestant Reformation, the Dissolution of the Monasteries under King Henry VIII, the French Revolution in continental Europe, and the revolutions of the 18th century, but some survived and the order recovered in the 19th century. In 1891 certain abbeys formed a new Order called Trappists (Ordo Cisterciensium Strictioris Observantiae – OCSO), which today exists as an order distinct from the Common Observance.